Italy put under strict IMF and EU surveillance: officials
The International Monetary Fund and European Commission will strictly monitor Italy to reassure markets that Rome is meeting its targets to reduce its budget deficit, European officials said on Friday.
While it had been agreed the EU's executive would step up monitoring of Rome, European leaders meeting on the margins of a G20 summit decided to bring in the IMF to increase the credibility of the surveillance and reassure the markets, the senior officials said.
Investors forced up the Italian government's 10-year borrowing cost to a euro-era record 6.402 percent on Thursday.
The European Central Bank (ECB) was forced to step in and prop up the Italian bond market when the rates soared above six percent, a level widely considered by experts to be unsustainable.
After Europe decided to force investors to take losses on Greek bonds in July attention turned to Italy, whose anaemic growth rate makes it increasingly difficult for Rome to manage its debt equal to 120 percent of output.
Italy's government adopted two austerity packages during the summer, but markets have remained sceptical that the measures will eliminate the deficit and boost growth.
At the G20 summit on Thursday, Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi vowed to stick to Italy's target of balancing the budget by 2013 and that new austerity measures would be fully enacted by the end of the month.
An emergency cabinet meeting on Wednesday adopted reforms including state asset sales, tax incentives for recruiting workers, measures to boost market competition and the unblocking of billions in aid for southern Italy.
The measures, which still have to go before parliament for final approval, stopped short of major changes such as higher taxes for the wealthy, a one-off levy on current accounts and a housing tax that had been mooted in recent days.
© 2011 AFP