French troops kill 19 Islamists in northern Mali
French troops killed 19 Islamist militants during an army operation in Mali's rebel-infested northern desert on Tuesday, a French military source told AFP, as the country prepared to stage nationwide elections.
The violence comes with Malians due to vote on Sunday in a second round of parliamentary polls supposed to mark the west African nation's first steps to recovery after it was plunged into chaos by a military coup in March last year.
"A French military operation is under way north of Timbuktu. French troops are facing a pretty determined group. At the moment, 19 members of this group have been killed," the Bamako-based source said.
"The French troops haven't reported any deaths or injuries. We are in control of the situation," the source said, without specifying which Islamist group the militants were part of.
The French defence ministry said it would not comment on an "ongoing operation".
The military coup in Bamako opened the way for Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other Islamist groups to seize the vast north of the country, where they ran cities under their brutal version of sharia law for nine months.
Former colonial power France intervened in January to drive out the radicals.
After several months of calm, with French and African troops overseeing security, jihadist groups launched fresh attacks in September, claiming the lives of a dozen people including civilians and Malian and other African troops.
French, UN and Malian forces launched Operation Hydra in late October after being taken aback by the renewed violence, after two Chadian UN peacekeepers and a civilian were killed in the remote, far northern town of Tessalit.
The goal of Hydra was "to put pressure on any terrorist movements to avoid their resurgence", the French military said, indicating that about 1,500 troops were involved, including some 600 French, 600 Malians and 300 UN soldiers.
France's chief of defence staff in Paris announced on November 14 that French forces had "neutralised" several Al-Qaeda members in an operation 200-250 kilometres (125-155 miles) to the west of Tessalit.
Security sources told AFP the following week that the French army had killed Mauritanian national Hacene Ould Khalil, the second-in-command of wanted jihadist leader Mokhtar Belmokhtar, in an operation in the Tessalit area.
Khalil, who went by the nom-de-guerre Jouleibib, was the deputy commander of the Signatories in Blood, an armed unit founded by Belmokhtar last year after the one-eyed Algerian broke away from AQIM.
Upsurge in violence
Mali is also battling the latest separatist rebellion launched by the Tuareg, traditionally a federation of nomadic tribes that rebelled in Mali and Niger in the 1960s and the 1990s, and are seeking some kind of self-determination for the country's north, a swathe of desert the size of Texas they call Azawad.
The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) ambushed soldiers as they were on patrol at a market near the border with Niger on November 8.
The clash followed three attacks by the MNLA on soldiers in the rebel stronghold of Kidal in September, after the militants pulled out of peace talks with the government, dealing a blow to hopes of a durable peace in the troubled nation.
The collapse of the talks led to an upsurge in violence which saw two French journalists shot dead on November 2 during a kidnapping in Kidal by AQIM.
The chief suspect in the kidnapping is a Tuareg thought to have associated with both AQIM and the mainly secular MNLA.
No party secured an absolute majority in the first round of Mali's November 24 parliamentary polls, a 38.4 percent turnout far short of expectations, according to the government.
Some 6.5 million Malians were eligible to vote for a new national assembly, with more than 1,000 candidates running for the 147 seats.
© 2013 AFP