France, Britain ink Calais deal to fight people smugglers
Britain and France announced a new "command and control centre" Thursday to tackle smuggling gangs in Calais, as Europe grapples with its biggest migration crisis since World War II.
Under a deal signed by Home Minister Theresa May and her French counterpart Bernard Cazeneuve, British teams will help bust smuggling gangs and reduce nightly attempts by desperate migrants and refugees to break into the Channel Tunnel.
But in an interview with AFP, the head of the Red Cross slammed the "indifference" of governments across Europe that has allowed a continental crisis to take hold.
"What will be the saturation point? When will everybody wake up to see that it is a real crisis?" Elhadj As Sy, head of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, said in Geneva.
His comments came as a barrage of alarming statistics showed hundreds of thousands of migrants -- many fleeing war and persecution in countries like Syria -- are pouring into the European Union, with no end in sight.
Macedonia even declared a "state of emergency" on its southern border with Greece, saying it would draft in the army to help control the influx of migrants crossing the frontier.
- Infrared detection technology -
The new deal for Calais includes extra French policing units, additional freight searches, and tighter security at the entrance to the Channel Tunnel through more fencing, cameras, floodlighting and infrared detection technology.
A control centre will also be built there to try and bring down entry attempts, which at the start of the summer numbered up to 2,000 per night, but have since fallen due to tighter security.
Under the agreement, seen by AFP, Britain will also provide 10 million euros ($11.2 million) over two years to speed up asylum applications and boost humanitarian aid in the northern port city.
Some 3,000 people from Africa, the Middle East and Asia are camped in Calais in slum-like conditions, and at least nine have died trying to cross over into Britain, where many have family and work is thought easier to find.
On Thursday, hundreds of migrants and refugees marched from their encampment in Calais, dubbed "new jungle", to the port in protest at the deal.
But the numbers of migrants in Calais are a tiny fraction of those entering other European countries, particularly Germany, which said this week it expects a new record 800,000 asylum seekers in 2015 -- far more than the 500,000 initially expected.
Cazeneuve was due to travel to Germany on Thursday evening to discuss the issue, which Chancellor Angela Merkel has warned could become a bigger challenge for the European Union than the Greek debt crisis.
He also announced that Prime Minister Manuel Valls would visit Calais on August 31 with EU First Vice-President Frans Timmermans and EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos.
The 28-member bloc's border agency Frontex on Tuesday reported a record high of 107,500 migrants at the European Union's borders last month.
And the number of migrants arriving in debt-crippled Greece is accelerating dramatically, with nearly 21,000 landing on the overstretched Greek islands last week alone, the United Nations said.
Red Cross chief Sy said the only way to stop the traffickers was to increase legal means of migration.
"It's Greece today, it could be another entry point tomorrow," he said. "The more legal room you have (to migrate), the less room you will have for criminal activity."
The EU has approved 2.4 billion euros ($2.6 billion) of funding to help member states cope with the flood of migrants, but Sy insisted the response so far "is nowhere near the scale of the problems that we are seeing."
- 'A massive distraction' -
The UN's refugee agency chief Antonio Guterres praised elements of the Franco-British deal that boost assistance for migrants and refugees, but like Sy, he said increasing "legal avenues" to enter Europe was key to any solution on human trafficking.
British politician Keith Vaz, who chairs a body overseeing May's ministry, also welcomed Thursday's agreement but warned there was already evidence of greater "illegal activity" at other Channel ports in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.
"Closing off one route will only mean the problem moves to another port," he said.
Doctors of the World, meanwhile, criticised the agreement, saying the focus on command and control centres was "a massive distraction from the real story in Calais which is that there's a humanitarian crisis of the first order on our doorstep."
© 2015 AFP