Factfile on International Criminal Court
Rwandan Hutu rebel leader Callixte Mbarushimana, transferred to the International Criminal Court on Tuesday, will share the UN detention centre in The Hague with three other rebel leaders suspected of war crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, 50, has been on trial before the ICC since January 2009 accused of using children under the age of 15 to fight for his Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) during the five-year civil war in the DR Congo that ended in 2003. He surrendered to the ICC in 2006, and has pleaded not guilty.
- Germain Katanga, 32, and Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui, 40, have been on trial since November 2009 for an attack on the village of Bogoro in the DR Congo's northeastern Ituri region that killed 200 people in February 2003.
They face 10 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including charges of murder, rape, sexual slavery, using child soldiers, attacking civilians, pillaging and destruction of property.
Until the attack by Katanga's Patriotic Resistance Force (FRPI) and Ngudjolo's Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI), Bogoro had been controlled by Lubanga's UPC.
Katanga surrendered to the court in October 2007. Chui was arrested and transferred to the court in February 2008.
The ICC, the world's only independent, permanent tribunal with the jurisdiction to try genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, also issed an arrest warrant in August 2006 for Bosco Ntaganda, a former ally of Lubanga, for enrolling child soldiers in the fighting in Ituri from 2002 to 2003. He remains at large.
The fifth person in the ICC's custody, DR Congo former vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba, is on trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the neighbouring Central African Republic from October 2002 to March 2003.
© 2011 AFP