Ex-Soviet hockey star goes 'from hero to political enemy' in Cannes film
Former Soviet hockey star Viacheslav "Slava" Fetisov's journey from national hero to political enemy is told in a new documentary screened at Cannes featuring a first hand account of the famed Red Army team captain's fall from grace.
Moulded into a ruthless winning machine by a Politburo-approved disciplinarian coach, the Red Army national hockey side won the World Championships five times in six years between 1978 and 1983.
But success came at a huge personal cost to players, prompting the likes of Fetisov, now 56, to begin questioning the status quo and the suffering it inflicted on them.
As the old Soviet system began to crumble, the country's demise was mirrored in a loss of team form, resulting in the state turning on some of its former stars.
US film-maker Gabe Polsky's documentary "Red Army" charts how when Fetisov started to lose he was arrested and beaten up, friends stopped talking to him and the KGB put him under surveillance.
Hockey for the Soviet Union was not just sport. Its leaders used their hockey team as a propaganda tool to prove to the rest of the world the moral superiority of communism.
Polsky said he drew on his own experience as a hockey player and his background as the son of Soviet immigrants living in the US for the film.
According to Polsky, his parents rarely spoke about the past and so all he knew about Soviet hockey was the country's "storied" loss to the US at the 1980 Olympic games.
At 13, the young Polsky joined a new team which hired a Soviet coach.
"Many in the Chicago hockey community didn't take him seriously. But he transformed my entire concept of the sport," he said in production notes.
"I tracked down old Soviet footage and what I saw was eye-opening. Soviet hockey was amazingly creative and improvisational.
"The Soviets moved fluidly, like one body, and it looked more like an art form than a game."
Polsky said he set out to show how "an incredibly oppressive system produced one of the greatest teams in history".
The film, which tells its story through a blend of archive footage and interviews, was described by The Hollywood Reporter magazine as "one of the most effortlessly pleasurable distractions in the Cannes festival programme so far".
Fetisov recalls that during the 1960s his parents saved for two years to buy his first ice skates and ate fish only once a week on Thursdays. He is now considered one of the best hockey players of all time, having won seven world championships, two Olympic gold medals and three Stanley Cups.
During the 1980s, he was one of the team's famed core of five top players.
Awed opponents regarded them as having elevated hockey to an art form and possessing a "sixth sense with eyes in the back of their head".
But such skills were hard-earned with players spending 11 months of the year at an army-style hockey camp with only one weekend off a month. One was refused permission to visit his dying father while another complained that his daughter no long recognised him.
In 1989 the team's star players, including Fetisov, pushed to be allowed to play in North America's National Hockey League (NHL) and Fetisov was the first Soviet citizen to secure a visa allowing him to play hockey in the West.
The move did not go smoothly at first with the New Jersey Devils' big-name hiring finding it difficult to perform surrounded by players with a more aggressive, more individualistic way of playing.
Only when reunited with former Red Army team mates in the US did he regain his earlier sporting prowess, describing it as being like a "fish back in water".
Today, long retired, Fetisov is a member of the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia and took a leading role in bringing the Olympic Winter Games Sochi earlier this year.
He was minister for sport from 2002 to 2008 and, in a reversal of fortune, is now a close friend of his country's President Vladimir Putin.
© 2014 AFP