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Don't miss the top events in Europe this September
Here's a guide to the best art and cultural events held in major cities across Europe in September.
New events are indicated by bolded and underlined headings.
OPERA: The Vienna State Opera's season kicks off again in September and for those wishing to enjoy the warm weather, performances will also be shown live on a big screen in front of the opera. "Live Opera on the Square" runs through September 30 with works by Verdi, Bizet or Wagner -- including "La Traviata", "Carmen", "The Barber of Seville" and "Tosca" -- on the programme. Entrance is free of charge.
DIGITAL MEDIA/ART/MUSIC: The Ars Electronica Festival in Linz returns with the theme "Total Recall -- The Evolution of Memory", with exhibitions, performances and lectures looking at information storage and cultural memory from an artistic, scientific and philosophical point of view. The festival, with locations around the city, runs from September 5 to 9.
SCULPTURE: Vienna's Belvedere museum devotes an exhibition to the Austrian Bruno Gironcoli, one of the major exponents of contemporary sculpture, three years after his death. Until October 27.www.belvedere.at
HISTORY: Belgium's port city of Antwerp unveils a new museum on September 28 dedicated to the Red Star Line, the shipping company that carried millions of European migrants across the Atlantic to a new life in the United States and Canada between 1973 and 1935. The museum will be housed in the company's old warehouses by the docks.
EXHIBITION/ARCHEOLOGY: Items belonging to the residents of Pompeii who were trapped by Vesuvius's terrifying eruption in AD79 go on show in the British Museum's principal show of the year, "Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum". Through artefacts such as a carbonised wooden cradle, mosaics and artworks, the exhibition tells the story of the doomed cities. Until September 28.
MUSIC: The Copenhagen Blues Festival brings international blues artists as well as homegrown talent to clubs and venues across the city. The 13th edition of the festival will balance the old with the new as it explores different styles of the genre. September 25 to 29.
MUSIC: With its annual festival celebrating Jean Sibelius (1865-1957), the Lahti Symphony Orchestra wants to attract fans of Finland's most famous composer by offering "a memorable weekend in the company of his music". The festival takes place in Lahti, 100 kilometres north of Helsinki. September 5 to 8.
ART: "Keith Haring, The Political Line", an exhibition of Haring's drawings, paintings and sculptures at the Modern Art Museum in Paris, invites visitors to consider the political dimension of his work. The exhibition opened on April 18.
ART: The Louvre presents a major retrospective of the work of Giotto (1267-1337), the Tuscan artist who is widely seen as the master of pre-Renaissance Italian art. Runs from April 17.
ART: The Musee du Quai Branly presents, "The Philippines, Archipelago of Exchange", the first major show in France for two decades to put the spotlight on the art of the Philippines. The exhibition contains over 300 pieces from both public and private collections. From April 9.
ART: Paris's Musee d'Orsay hosts "The Angel of the Odd. Dark Romanticism from Goya to Max Ernst" exploring the dark side of Romanticism. The exhibition illustrates the many different expressions of Dark Romanticism, from Goya and Fussli to Ernst and the Expressionist films of the 1920s, through a selection of 200 works that includes paintings, graphic works and films. From March 5.
FESTIVAL: Leading industrial monuments in Germany's urban western Ruhr region provide the backdrop for contemporary artists at the Ruhrtriennale international arts festival, whose packed line-up this year includes Scottish video artist Douglas Gordon's industrial pantomime 'Silence, Exile, Deceit' at the Mischanlage coal mixing facility in Essen. Festival runs until October 6.
ART: To mark the centenary of her birth in Berlin, a major retrospective devoted to the diverse works of Swiss surrealist artist Meret Oppenheim explores her playful take on everyday materials at the Martin Gropius Bau in the German capital, running until December 1.
FILM/PHOTOGRAPHY: The east German city of Chemnitz, formally known as Karl Marx Stadt, pays tribute to internationally acclaimed Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami. An itinerant iconoclast, the director made his name with Cannes entries such as "Certified Copy" starring Juliette Binoche, "Like Someone in Love" set in Japan, and the minimalist masterpiece and Palme d'Or winner "Taste of Cherry". The exhibition at the Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz focuses on such motion pictures but also his striking still photography and video experiments. Until September 22.
EXHIBITION: More than 150 pairs of shoes by international designers who think "outside the shoebox" to create experimental and imaginative footwear, exploring the mystical attraction of shoes, not just for women, at the "Stepping Into The Limelight" exhibition at the Grassi Museum in Leipzig until September 29.
ART: Bonn's Bundeskunsthalle examines the fascination through the ages with Egypt's most fabled queen in "Cleopatra. The Eternal Diva". The exhibition features sculptures from antiquity and European portrait painting through to Elizabeth Taylor's iconic big screen portrayal of Egypt's last female ruler and her use in contemporary advertising. To October 6.
EXHIBITION: Frankfurt's Jewish Museum shines a spotlight on anti-Semitic stereotypes, in particular those linked to wealth and greed. "Jews. Money. An Introduction" at the former Rothschild palace in Germany's banking capital examines the image of Jews and finance from the Middle Ages through the propaganda of the Nazis, "to reflect on the images that are still in our heads today". Until October 6.
ART: Multimedia artist Katharina Sieverding unveils her latest work, "Looking at the Sun at Midnight", comprised of visual data downloaded by NASA over a three-year period and accumulated to provide a dynamic depiction of the sun's surface. Drawing on Einstein's theory of relativity and age-old philosophical questions, the work, on display at Museum Schloss Moyland, wrestles with the passage of time and humans' role in the cosmos. Until November 24.
LITERATURE: The Reykjavik International Literary Festival is popular with both readers and authors for its relaxed, informal atmosphere. The programme includes readings, interviews and panel discussions with international and Icelandic writers. The exhibition that traditionally accompanies the festival will be a portrayal of life in Greenland in past times by one of its most popular artists, Nuka Godtfredsen. September 11 to 15.
ART: Celebrated mathematician and philosopher Archimedes is the focus of an exhibition at Rome's Capitoline Museums which explores the ancient Greek's inventions. It features examples of modern uses of some of his best known discoveries, as well as video installations and the chance for visitors to try out machines which owe their existence to his quirky contrivances. Until January 12, 2014.
VENICE: Biennale art festival with thousands of works by hundreds of artists on display in parks and palazzi, including installations by Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei and the first-ever Vatican pavilion. The festival -- entitled "The Encyclopedic Palace" this year -- runs from June 1 until November 24 and is expecting 500,000 visitors.
OPERA: A performance of Richard Wagner's "Lohengrin" opens the opera season at La Scala in Milan on December 7, with a 2012/2013 programme to celebrate the 200th anniversary from the birth of Wagner and Giuseppe Verdi.
The season also coincides with the 70th birthday of La Scala's Argentinian-Israeli musical director Daniel Barenboim.
MUSIC: Oslo's annual Ultima festival, which brands itself Scandinavia's largest contemporary music festival, offers 10 days of concerts, opera, puppet theatre and installations. Events are staged in large, established venues -- such as the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet and the Oslo Concert Hall -- as well as in small clubs, shops and industrial areas. September 5 to 14.
ART: "Munch 150", the largest ever exhibition of the paintings of Edvard Munch (1863-1944), is staged to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the birth of the artist universally famous for his masterpieces such as "The Cry." About 270 paintings and drawings will be presented to the public, at two different venues: The Oslo National Gallery for the period 1882-1903 and the Munch museum for the period 1904-1944. June 2 to October 13.
MUSIC: The world's most famous orchestras (Staatskapelle Berlin, London Philarmonic, Royal Concertgebouw Amsterdam...) and conductors (Daniel Barenboim, Antonio Pappano, Mariss Jansons...) gather in Bucharest for the Enescu music festival. Banned by the Communist regime, the festival came back to life after the fall of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu in 1989. It is now one of the most famous in Europe. Over 150 concerts and cultural events will take place between September 1-28.
BALLET: Russia's Bolshoi ballet opens a new season with a performance of "Swan Lake" in the Bolshoi Theatre on September 27. Artistic director Sergei Filin, who was injured in an acid attack, is expected to return to work.
OPERA/BALLET: The opera and ballet theatre in Perm in Russia's Urals premieres a new production of "The Indian Queen" by baroque English composer Henry Purcell in a new staging by American director Peter Sellars and conducted by Teodor Currentzis. On September 25.
On September 27 the Stanislavsky Musical Theatre in Moscow premieres a new production of "Tannhaeuser" by Richard Wagner as recognition of the great but controversial German composer slowly grows in Russia.
THEATRE: Belgrade International Theatre Festival runs from September 22 to October 1. For the 47th edition, a number of internationally-famed performance artists will take part, including Germany's Gob Squad, the Hungarian Proton Cinema, Slovenia's Mestno and the Czech theatre company Reduta.
FILM: The Festival de San Sebastian running from September 20–28 is the oldest and most prestigious event of its kind in the Spanish-speaking world. Spanish actress Carmen Maura is to receive a Donostia Award at the annual event as a tribute to her career. The festival closes with a premiere of Jean-Pierre Jeunet's latest film, The Young and Prodigious T.S. Spivet.
ART: Madrid's Thyssen Bornemisza Museum hosts Spain's first show dedicated to Camille Pissarro, one of the pioneers of Impressionism, aiming to rescue him from the shadow of his famous friend Monet. The 70 works on display include breathtaking country landscapes such as "Field of Cabbages, Pontoise" from the museum's collection, as well as cityscapes from later in his career. June 4 to September 15.
ART: Madrid's Reina Sofia modern art museum hosts loans from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection focusing on the distinctive 1940-1970 period in Latin American Art. The Cisneros Foundation, a major resource of Latin American art, says it is also due to make a series of extended loans to the Spanish museum. Exhibition from January 23 to September 16.
ART: The Goeteborg International Biennial for Contemporary Art looks at the relationship between playfulness and radical imagination and how they affect the artistic and political discourse. Exhibitions will be held at four different venues in Gothenburg, Sweden's second largest city. September 6 to November 17.
PHOTOGRAPHY: "Momentum", an exhibit of works produced by Spanish photographer Alejandro Guijarro over three years of visits to the world's leading institutions in the field of quantum mechanics -- including Oxford and Cambridge in Britain, Stanford in the United States and CERN in Switzerland -- attempts to bridge the worlds of science and arts. His large format images of blackboards filled with formulas and equations are presented almost as abstract paintings. Quai No1 in Vevey from September 4 to October 19.
ART: The Gianadda Foundation in the Alpine town of Martigny showcases works by Modigliani loaned by Paris's Pompidou Centre and collections in Switzerland. Under the title " Modigliani and the Paris School", the exhibition highlights the Italian painter's work between his arrival in the French capital at the age of 22 in 1906 until his death in 1920. It also focuses on his friendship with Romanian sculptor Constantin Brancus, and displays works by other Paris School artists including Chaim Soutine, Jules Pacsin, Marc Chagall, and Moise Kisling. Until November 21.
MUSEUMS: Museums and monuments across the Netherlands will throw open their doors to the public during the annual Heritage Days celebration in mid-September. Free entrance yearly attracts around 900,000 people to top-notch venues including Amsterdam's landmark Rijks and Van Gogh museums. On September 14 and 15. www.openmonumentendag.nl
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