Spaniards believe their politicians are corrupt
9 December 2004, MADRID- Spaniards believe their political parties are the most corrupt institutions in the country, according to an international poll.
9 December 2004
MADRID- Spaniards believe their political parties are the most corrupt institutions in the country, according to an international poll.
After political parties, the media are the second most corrupt sector in society.
Politicians received 3.8 out of five in a ranking of corruption, while the media were given 3.6.
The poll asked people to rank institutions on a one-five basis with five being the worst.
Private sector companies in Spain were given 3.5, by those interviewed for the poll.
But they thought corruption effected non-governmental bodies, public services, and the armed services less. All were ranked below three.
The global opinion survey found one in 10 people say they or a member of their household has paid a bribe in the past year.
It suggests that Cameroon is the most corrupt country, as a majority of those surveyed there admitted paying bribes.
It was followed by Nigeria, Kenya, Lithuania and Moldova - all countries where at least one in three people admitted paying bribes.
Transparency International released its poll to mark UN Anti-Corruption Day.
It was based on the responses of more than 50,000 people in 64 countries
While most countries where a high level of bribery was reported were relatively poor, there were exceptions to this rule.
Eleven per cent of Greeks reported that they or a member of their household had paid a bribe in the past year.
South Africans, by contrast, admitted paying bribes at similarly low levels to most developed countries.
People across the world perceive political parties as the institutions most affected by corruption, the survey suggests.
They are followed by parliaments, police and the judiciary in being seen as corrupt.
Akere Muna, a Transparency International board member and president of the anti-corruption body's Cameroon branch, said: "It is time to use international co-operation to enforce a policy of zero tolerance of political corruption, and to put an end to practices whereby politicians put themselves above the law - stealing from ordinary citizens and hiding behind parliamentary immunity.
"Political parties and the politicians they nominate for election are entrusted with great power and great hopes by the people who vote for them. Political leaders must not abuse that trust by serving corrupt or selfish interests once they are in power."
The survey was conducted for Transparency International by Gallup International as part of its Voice of the People Survey between June and September 2004.
The Berlin-based pressure group, founded by a former World Bank official after he encountered corruption in Africa, has been a prime mover behind the idea of the UN World Anti-Corruption Day
Events are being held in several countries on Thursday to mark the first such day. It aims to highlight the scale of the problem and efforts to fight it.
Nations including Bangladesh, Germany, Colombia and Morocco are marking the occasion with workshops, rallies, and the release of research.
The World Bank estimates that more than USD 1,000 billion is paid out in bribes every year around the globe.
This particular date, 9 December, was picked as it marks the first anniversary of the launch of the UN convention against corruption at a conference in Mexico.
The anti-bribery rules set out in the convention will come into force when 30 countries have signed up to it - so far 12 have, according to Transparency International.
[Copyright EFE with Expatica]
Subject: Spanish news