Social networks power Spain protests
Online social networking is growing into a tool of activism with recent protests in Spain.
Spain's anti-crisis protesters reject serious comparison with the Arab Spring popular revolts but they do claim a common weapon: online social networks.
Known as the "indignant", or "M-15" after the protest birth date, the activists began 15 May with a few hundred people camped in Madrid decrying Spain's parties for an economic crisis.
Now, even as nightly rallies diminish at their sprawling plastic tent encampment in Madrid's Puerta del Sol square, they count nearly 150,000 "friends" on Facebook alone.
Indeed, the social network is at the heart of a slickly organised logistical operation.
One activist, a 28-year-old translator who identifies himself only by his nickname Zulo, is dedicated to updating the Facebook page of "Spanish Revolution."
Connected via wifi antennae set up by neighbours and businesses and powered with solar panels, a dozen laptops are hooked up in the camp's "communication" stand.
A woman takes a photo with her iPhone during a protest against Spain's economic crisis and its sky-high jobless rate, at the Puerta del Sol square in Madrid, on 20 May 2011. Young people camped in main squares across Spain in the largest wave of spontaneous protests since the country plunged into recession after the collapse of a property bubble in 2008
Whether it is requesting supplies, giving advice in case of police intervention or linking to other city centre protests across Spain, social networks are "an essential tool for us", Zulo said.
"At first we were stunned, we were overwhelmed by the scale of the mobilization on the Internet, we received so many messages of support," said Zulo, his hair bunched up in a tail of dreadlocks.
In the first days after the creation of the Facebook page Spanish revolution -- https://www.facebook.com/SpanishRevolution -- the account had 1,000 supporters registering every hour. Now it has more than 146,000.
On micro-blogging site Twitter, the hash tags #acampadasol (Sol encampment), #notenemosmedio (we have no fear), #nosquedamos (we are staying) or #spanishrevolution have been among the most popular in Spain. Twitter account acampadasol had more than 50,000 followers.
According to Jose Feliz Tezanos, sociologist at Madrid's UNED university, social networks provided young protesters with a new meeting place.
"There are eight of us updating social network accounts with our computers or smartphones," said Zulo, sporting a green T-shirt emblazoned with the words "social networks".
"Even if you cannot compare our situation to that of Arab countries, like them the role of social networks has been fundamental," he said.
The movement rallied 60,000 mostly young people across Spain at its peak on the eve of Sunday's local elections
"But all that is virtual. And we are asking those who support us on the Internet to come down into the streets with us."
The movement rallied 60,000 mostly young people across Spain at its peak on the eve of Sunday's local elections, protesting a jobless rate of more than 22 percent, political corruption and welfare cuts.
On April 7 thousands of young people had already protested in Madrid under the slogan "Youth without future." The unemployment rate among under-25s in the workforce in February was 44.6 percent.
In the latest protests that began 15 March, thousands came into the streets in response to calls by Democracia Real Ya (Real Democracy Now) spread through social networks.
In Puerta del Sol, protest numbers had declined somewhat.
"Now the role of the social networks is to let us carry on getting our message out, so the movement can continue beyond the Puerta del Sol encampment," said a spokesman, Pablo Prieto.
"Communication is instantaneous and more direct than via the traditional media," he said.
A new Twitter account, takethesquare, has just been created to send the message of the "indignant" worldwide. Last week it had 2,711 followers, and counting.
Virginie Grognou / AFP / Expatica