Leonor could be first Spanish Queen for 150 years
31 October 2005, MADRID — Leonor de Bourbon, the firstborn of Spanish heir to the throne Felipe de Bourbon and Princess Letizia, could, pending a constitutional amendment become Spain's first female head of state since Queen Isabel II (1833-1868).
31 October 2005
MADRID — Leonor de Bourbon, the firstborn of Spanish heir to the throne Felipe de Bourbon and Princess Letizia, could, pending a constitutional amendment become Spain's first female head of state since Queen Isabel II (1833-1868).
If her future status is unclear the same cannot be said of her lineage, as the child traces a line back to King Henri IV of France, but also Louis XIV through the royal house of Bourbon, which has had a chequered existence in both countries.
The Bourbon line itself enjoyed a controversial installation on the Spanish throne in 1700 in the shape of "Sun King" Louis XIV's grandson Philip, Duke of Anjou, who became Philip V.
A number of Bourbons succeeded Philip prior to the post-Franco dictatorship's reintroduction of the monarchy in 1975, when current head of state King Juan Carlos ascended the throne.
However, there were several interruptions over the three centuries separating Juan Carlos and Philip, notably with the 1808-1814 reign of Joseph Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon, and later, from 1870-1873 of Amadeus I of the House of Savoy.
Then there was the short-lived First Republic of 1873-1875, the Second Republic of 1931-1939 and the Franco military dictatorship of 1939-1975.
Aside from Philip V, the Bourbons who ascended the Spanish throne were Louis I, Ferdinand VI, Charles III, Charles IV, Ferdinand VII, Isabel II, Alphonse XII, Alphonse XIII and now Juan Carlos I.
Isabel II reigned from 1833 to 1868 after her father Ferdinand VII abolished the "salic" law which prevented a female monarch taking the throne.
The current 1978 Spanish constitution gives male heirs preeminence regarding succession rights and was already facing a review now made all the more urgent by Monday's birth of a female heir.
Leonor is currently second in line to the throne behind her father but could only reign either if she has no brothers or else if the constitution is amended.
[Copyright EFE with Expatica]
Subject: Spanish news