Top festivals in Germany 2015
O’zapft is! With more than 10,000 German festivals, Germany offers riches of entertainment and marvels to everyone from book lovers to beer drinkers.
“Life is a festival only to the wise,” Ralph Waldo Emerson once wrote.
With over 10,000 German festivals, including some of the world’s biggest and strangest, Germany is certainly a place sagacious souls can appreciate. From the raucous parties of Karneval to the acclaimed Berlinale film festival to the famously merry Christmas markets, there’s something in Germany’s festival calendar to suit everyone’s tastes.
Some of the traditional German celebrations include Bayreuth’s Richard Wagner Festival, Munich’s restrained commemoration of beer, Oktoberfest, the world’s largest trade fair for books in Frankfurt and the Munich Opera Festival.
Since the mid-1980s, however, there has been a rapid expansion of new, more niche-market festivals in Germany. Night owls and museum geeks can revel together during Berlin’s Long Night of the Museums, an evening when the city’s museums and cultural institutions stay open into the wee hours. Fans of avant-garde film can fill their heads with new, esoteric anecdotes at Videonale, Bonn’s festival for art and experimental videos. Even secret Dungeons and Dragons lovers can find a home at Bavaria’s medieval re-enactment festival Festival-Medieval.
Whether you’re just visiting Germany or have lived here for a while, attending a festival can be an easy and exciting way to discover German culture. To help get you started, here are some of the most important and interesting German festivals, carnivals, music, film, art and cultural events in Germany in 2015.
Festivals in Germany 2015
February: Berlin International film festival
The world’s second largest film festival after Cannes, the Berlinale draws together more than 19,000 film professionals from 115 countries. The festival showcases a wide variety of films, including big international movies, independent and art house productions, movies aimed at younger audiences, German productions and more experimental films. The 65th festival runs from 5 to 15 February 2015. See www.berlinale.de.
Mid-February to April: Bonn Videonale festival
One of the world’s oldest video art festivals, both stars and up-and-coming young artists of the international video-art scene can be found there. Launched in 1984, the biennial Videonale today counts as one of the oldest and most renowned festivals of video art in the world. The Videonale 15 festival programme will run from 27 February to 1 March 2015, with the official ceremonial ending of the festival on 18 and 19 April. See videonale.org.
The 40 day period before Ash Wednesday when Lent begins is also Karneval season in Germany. It’s a time when the typically orderly Germans let loose and party. Parades, costume balls and other such festivities take place throughout the country, often varying widely according to local traditions.
Mid-March: Leipzig Book Fair
The Leipzig fair is Europe’s biggest festival of literature and features more than 2,600 events held at 350 difference venues. An ideal communication platform, the Leipzig Book Fair provides extensive information about new publications as well as current and future trends in the German speaking and European markets. The next Leipzig Bookfair is 12 to 15 March 2015. See www.leipziger-buchmesse.com.
Early April: Munich ballet week
Perhaps the most exciting time of the year for the Bavarian State Ballet is Munich Ballet Week (Bayerische Staatsballett), when they and other international companies put on a week's worth of performances that always succeed in enchanting audiences. Over the last few decades this event has become one of the most prestigious of its kind, drawing visitors from across Europe and beyond. This year's ballet week will take place from 18 to 26 April 2015. See www.staatsoper.de.
April to May: Thuringia Bach festival
The Thuringia Bach festival (Thueringer Bachwochen) specialises in Baroque music and performing the works of Johann Sebastian Bach in authentic sites. The festival appeals to music lovers and tourists alike. This year's festival will take place from 27 March to 19 April 2015. See www.thueringer-bachwochen.de.
May: Wave-Gothic Festival, Leipzig
Goths, Cyber Goths, Steampunks and anyone else into the 'dark' arts may want to head for the Wave-Gotik-Treffen, to enjoy the best of dark music and culture, with bands, fairs and events with medieval and
gothic themes. The event, now one of the world's largest of its type, was considered so subversive in the days of the German Democratic Republic that it was banned. The Wave-Gotik-Treffen will run from 22 to 25 May 2015. See www.wave-gotik-treffen.de
Mid-May: International Dixieland Festival Dresden
Many a saintly visitor goes marching into Dresden in early May to check out the city's festival of Dixieland and early jazz music. Known particularly for its open-air events on the Elbe River, the festival boasts over 350 artists every year; this year is its 45th. Don't forget to drop by the Dixie parade and to catch a show by one of the city’s many street performers. This years festival will take place from 7 to 10 May 2015. See www.dixielandfestival-dresden.com.
May–September: Rhein in Flammen
Rhein in Flammen (Rhine in Flames) is a series of spectacular firework displays lighting up the castles and vineyards on the banks of Germany's famous river in different locations from Bonn to Rüdesheim. In 2015 these will take place as follows: Bonn 2 May; Rüdesheim and Bingen 4 July; Koblenz 10 August; Oberwesel 12 September; and St Goar 19 September. You can view the shows from illuminated boats on the Rhine; ashore there are concerts, fairgrounds, food, drink and many other entertainments. See www.rhein-in-flammen.de.
May–October: Oberammergau Passion Play
After escaping the bubonic plague back in 1634, the villagers of Oberammergau gave thanks to God by vowing to perform their now world-famous 'Passion Play' every 10 years. Over 400 years later, they continue to do so. Of the 5,300 or so population, around 2,000 are involved in the play which re-enacts Christ's life leading up to his crucifixion and can last up to eight hours (including a three-hour interval). The next performance will be in 2020 but the Passion Play Theatre is open for tours and other cultural performances in the meantime. See www.bavaria.travel.
June: Rock am Ring and Rock im Park
These are two massive rock festivals that take place simultaneously over three days: Rock am Ring (Rock in the Ring) in Nürberg and Rock im Park (Rock in the Park) in Nuremberg. The same artists from a range of music genres appear at each venue, performing to combined crowds of around 160,000, making this one of the largest music festivals in the world. Check out the website for the line-up for the next festival which is 5 to 7 June 2015. See www.rock-am-ring.com and www.rock-im-park.com.
June: Keiler Woche, Keil
Keiler Woche or Keil Week is not only the largest sailing event in the world – with over 2,000 yachts, tall ships, dinghies, and surfboards taking part – it's also a massive open air music and cultural festival with an accompanying children's cultural festival. What started life as a one-day regatta 133 years ago is now a week-long event where you can watch Olympic and international sailors race, a windjammer parade of tall ships and take your pick from some 300+ musical events. Keiler Wocher runs from 20 to June 2015. See www.kieler-woche.de.
July: International Africa festival
During this unique festival in Tubingen near Stuttgart, African artists and bands perform modern and traditional music and dance from their home countries. There is also a market with African crafts and works of art. In 2015, it’s on 23 to 26 July. You can also catch the Africa Festival Wurzburg which runs from 4 to 7 June 2015 and is one of the largest festivals in Europe for African music and culture. See www.afrikafestival-reutlingen.de.
June–July: Munich Opera festival
Held every year at the Bayerische Staatsoper (the Bavarian State Opera), the Opernfestspiele consists mainly of shows staged during the past year and always concludes with a piece by Wagner. In 2015 the festival opens on 1 July and runs until the end of the month. See www.staatsoper.de.
July–August: Richard Wagner Festival (Bayreuth festival)
The month-long Bayreuther Festspiele is held annually in the Bavarian town of the same name. Wagner himself oversaw the construction of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, the theatre where concerts from the composer have been performed since 1876. The 2015 programme starts 25 July and runs until 28 August. See www.bayreuther-festspiele.de.
August: Long night of the museums
From its beginning in 1997, almost all of the city’s 180 museums and memorials have taken part in the long night. Each event offers a different combination of museums and a new programme (with ever more museums and initiatives joining in) so that visitors are guaranteed a diverse experience and new discoveries every time. In 2015 the event will take place on 29 August from 6–8pm. See www.lange-nacht-der-museen.de
The Festival-Mediaval is a living history and re-enactment festival in Selb. The event includes performances of medieval music, fire shows, roaming performers such as witches and beggars, theatre groups and a medieval market. If you've ever had a hankering to try your hand at archery while munching on a medieval snack, then this festival is for you. This year's festival will run from 11 to 13 September 2015. See www.festival-mediaval.com.
September to early October: Oktoberfest
One of Germany’s most famous festivities and the world’s largest fair, Oktoberfest is a 15-day celebration of Bavarian beer. More than six million people come to drink beer, eat chicken legs and pork sausages and engage in general revelry. Join them from 19 September to 4 October 2015. See www.oktoberfest.de.
October: Frankfurt book fair
The history of world's largest trade fair for books dates all the way back to 15th century, when Johannes Gutenberg first invented movable type just a few kilometres away from Frankfurt. Soon after, local booksellers held the first book fair. The Frankfurt fair (Frankfurter Buchmesse) is now primarily for people in the industries surrounding books, although it does have some more layman-accessible events, such as its award for the oddest book title of the year. In 2015 the Frankfurt Bookfair is on from 14 to 18 October. See www.book-fair.com.
November 11: St Martin’s day
St Martin’s Day is the feast day of Martin of Tours, who began his life as a Roman soldier and ended up a monk. St Martin’s most famous deed is that he once cut his cloak in half to share with a beggar during a snowstorm, thereby saving the beggar’s life. That night, Martin dreamed that the beggar he had helped was Jesus.
On St Martin’s Day, which is celebrated in many areas in Germany, children go from house to house with paper lanterns and candles and sing songs about St Martin in return for treats. Many places also have public festivals to celebrate the saint that include re-enactments of St Martin’s donation of his cloak and the serving of the traditional dish of roast goose, or Martinsgans.
December: Christmas Markets (Weihnachtsmarkts)
Nearly every German city and village sets up a Christmas market during the Advent season. Giving you a reason to brace the cold, visitors can ride a Ferris wheel, browse through the stands selling handicrafts, wooden toys and ceramics, sample the hot mulled wine (glühwein) and hot chestnuts or just absorb the merry atmosphere. These fairs have proven so popular that other countries have started copying the German-Austrian tradition. Notable Christmas markets are in Berlin, Munich, Nuremberg, Lubeck, Munster, Stuttgart and Heidelberg.
Updated from 2012, 2014.
Photo credits: AFP, Andre Kiwitz (thumbnail).
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