The most wanted Nazi war criminals
One of the last great Nazi war crimes trials concluded on Thursday with the condemnation in Germany of death camp guard John Demjanjuk to a five-year prison sentence.
However the Nazi hunt goes on according to Jerusalem's Simon Wiesenthal Center which has published a list of the most wanted alleged Nazi war criminals known to be still alive.
"During the past decade at least 89 convictions against Nazi war criminals have been obtained, at least 79 new indictments have been filed and close to three thousand new investigations have been initiated," the Centre said in its 10th annual report published on May 1.
The Centre says that it is not too late to pursue the criminals, despite their advancing age, pointing to "the lack of political will".
The main wanted Nazi war criminal is Alois Brunner, who took refuge in Syria after World War II and would have turned 99 last month if he is still alive. He is followed by Aribert Heim, alias the "the Butcher of Mauthausen," who is reported to have died in Egypt in 1992. His death has not been confirmed.
Here are the names on the Wiesenthal Center's "most wanted" list:
1. Sandor Kepiro, a Hungarian police officer accused of killing more than 1,200 civilians in Serbia. His trial opened in Budapest on May 5.
2. Milivoj Asner, former Croatian police chief, who actively participated in the deportation of Serbs, Jews and Roma. The authorities in Austria, where he lives, have refused to extradite him to Croatia.
3. Klaas Carl Faber, a German of Dutch origin working for the SS, he was condemned to death in 1947 in the Netherlands for killing 22 Jews. The sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment and he escaped to Germany. Germany on May 11 refused his extradition to the Netherlands.
4. Gerhard Sommer, a former German SS second lieutenant who was involved in the massacre of 560 civilians in August, 1944, in Italy's Tuscany region. Since 2002 he has been under investigation in Germany, but no criminal charges have yet been brought against him.
5. Adam Nagorny, a German, served as a SS guard. He has been under investigation in Munich since early this year in the wake of the discovery of witness statements that he had participated in executions of prisoners in Treblinka death camp in Poland.
6. Karoly (Charles) Zentai, a former Hungarian soldier alleged to have participated in the persecution and killing of Jews in Budapest. Hungary is seeking his extradition from Australia, where he now lives.
7. Soeren Kam, ex-member of the Waffen SS. Now living in Germany, the courts have refused to extradite him to Denmark.
8. Ivan (John) Kalymon, served in the Nazi-controlled Ukrainian Auxiliary Police from 1941-1944 during which time he participated in the murder, round-ups and deportation of Jews living in the Ghetto in Lviv, Ukraine. In January he was ordered deported from the US to any country that will admit him.
9. Algimantas Dailide, ex-police officer from Lithuania, who took part in the round-up of Jews who were then executed. Extradited by the United States to Germany in 2004, a Lithuanian court found him guilty but said he would not need to serve his five-year jail sentence because of ill-health.
10. Mikhail Gorshkow, a former Gestapo interpreter, who is suspected of the murder of Jews in Belarus. The United States stripped him of his US citizenship, while Estonia, his country of birth, is investigating his actions during the war.
© 2011 AFP