Nuclear test monitoring facility opens in Germany
21 June 2005, FREIBURG - Continental Europe's first facilities for monitoring violations of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty became operational on Tuesday in southern Germany.
21 June 2005
FREIBURG - Continental Europe's first facilities for monitoring violations of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty became operational on Tuesday in southern Germany.
The monitoring station atop a 1,284-metre peak in the Black Forest is one of 80 such stations around the world designed to measure radioactivity in the atmosphere.
In all, the global network consists of 321 monitoring facilities and 16 radionuclide laboratories that monitor the earth for evidence of nuclear explosions in all environments.
These monitoring facilities use a variety of methods to detect evidence of nuclear testing. Seismic, hydroacoustic and infrasound stations are employed to monitor the underground, underwater and atmosphere environments, respectively.
"This global monitoring network provides us with a seamless system for detection of violations of the treaty," said Friedrich Groening, an official with the German federal nuclear safeguards agency.
"This radionuclide station can detect radioactive debris from atmospheric explosions or vented by underground or underwater nuclear explosions," he added.
"The presence of specific radionuclides provides unambiguous evidence of a nuclear explosion," he said.
A Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) to ban all nuclear explosion tests was signed in New York on September 24, 1996. Since July 2004, 175 countries have signed and 121 have ratified.
Subject: German news