Merkel hails Havel as 'great European'
German Chancellor Angela Merkel hailed the late former Czech president Vaclav Havel on Sunday as a "great European" who fought tirelessly for freedom on the continent.
"It is with great sadness that I learned of the death of your predecessor Vaclav Havel," Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany, wrote in a letter of condolence to Czech President Vaclav Klaus after Havel's death at the age of 75.
"His fight for freedom and democracy was as unforgettable as his great humanity. We Germans in particular have much for which we are grateful to him. We mourn this loss of a great European with you."
Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle called Havel "the soul of the Czech revolution" who helped surmount Europe's Cold War division.
"Vaclav Havel was a trailblazer for European reunification," he said.
"Without him and his courageous words, the democratic awakening in Central and Eastern Europe would have been unthinkable."
Westerwelle called Havel "a great champion for democracy and freedom".
Havel, who as a dissident playwright became a hero of the Velvet Revolution that won independence from Soviet rule in 1989, died Sunday after a long illness, his office said.
Czechslovakia played a pivotal role in the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989.
In the late summer of 1989, thousands of East Germans hoping to flee to the West massed for weeks at German embassy in Prague.
On September 30, 1989, Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher, after a meeting with his Soviet counterpart Eduard Shevardnadze, appeared on the embassy's balcony to tell the crowds that they would be allowed to flee to freedom in West Germany.
The watershed moment was instrumental in convincing the communist East German regime that it was futile to maintain the policy of trapping its citizens behind concrete and barbed wire.
Less than six weeks later, East Germany opened the border, paving the way to German unification 11 months later and ushering in the end of the Cold War.
© 2011 AFP