Japan's nuclear crisis spurs Europe to review nuclear safety
Growing alarm over Japan's nuclear disaster is prompting several European nations to review the safety of their own nuclear installations, with Germany temporarily shutting down seven reactors.
As Japan's nuclear crisis raged on Tuesday with two more blasts and a fire rocking the quake-stricken Fukushima power plant, Chancellor Angela Merkel announced a safety review of Germany's 17 nuclear reactors and a three-month closure of seven of them.
"We are launching a safety review of all nuclear reactors ... with all reactors in operation since the end of 1980 set to be idled for the period of the (three-month) moratorium," Merkel said.
In Brussels, the European Union, responding to soaring public anxiety, agreed Tuesday to conduct "stress tests" on the continent's nuclear power plants, the bloc's energy chief Guenther Oettinger said.
Oettinger said the tests would be conducted on a "voluntary" basis and would look at whether plants could resist earthquakes, tsunamis and terrorist attacks.
The agreement was reached at a meeting of ministers, national nuclear safety chiefs and industry leaders hastily called by Oettinger.
In Moscow, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin Tuesday ordered a review of the future of Russia's atomic energy sector in the wake of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan.
He said that Russia did not have atomic power stations built on earthquake fautlines and had no plans to build them there. "We need to be prepared to act in any eventuality," he added.
Putin's remarks mark the first time the Russian leadership has questioned the future of nuclear energy in Russia after the Japanese earthquake, which damaged the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Russia is one of the world's most significant producers of nuclear energy and it also builds nuclear power stations abroad.
In Britain, the government asked its chief nuclear inspector to report on what implications the Japanese nuclear crisis could have for the country's nuclear energy sector.
"We take this incident extremely seriously even though there is no reason to expect a similar scale of seismic activity in the UK," Energy Minister Chris Huhne said.
France's Foreign Minister Alain Juppe, speaking Tuesday after a Paris gathering of G8 powers, highlighted the gravity of Japan's nuclear emergency.
"The situation is extremely serious... The risk is extremely high," said Juppe, after Japan's Takeaki Matsumoto briefed him and their other G8 counterparts on the situation.
Amid heightened public concerns over France's own big nuclear power sector, Environment Minister Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet announced safety checks on all the country's 58 nuclear power reactors.
The checks are so that "everyone can learn the lessons" from Japan's nuclear crisis centred on the quake-stricken Fukushima atomic power plant, Kosciusko-Morizet told parliament.
But French Prime Minister Francois Fillon insisted it would be absurd to condemn nuclear energy out of hand.
France is proportionally the world's biggest user of nuclear power, with 58 reactors in 19 power plants providing around 75 percent of its energy needs.
Japan's nuclear emergency also prompted Switzerland Monday to suspend plans to replace its ageing nuclear power plants, with Italy taking a hard look at its new nuclear energy plans while Poland said it would press on with building it first plants.
In Sweden, an official at the Radiation Safety Authority stressed that work to modernise the country's 10 reactors at three power stations was ongoing.
And Bulgaria said there was no plan to shut down the two operational 1,000-megawatt reactors at its single nuclear power plant at Kozloduy on the Danube, prior to their operation deadlines which expire in 2017 and 2019.
In Spain, the environmental umbrella group Ecologists in Action urged the government Tuesday to close the country's oldest nuclear reactor following the Japanese developments.
It called for a demonstration on Thursday in Madrid to demand the closure of the plant at Garona in northern Spain and for a "sensible" timetable to shut down the country's five other reactors.
Meanwhile, explosions and a fire at Japan's quake-hit nuclear plant unleashed dangerous levels of radiation Tuesday.
Radiation levels around the Fukushima No.1 plant on the eastern coast had "risen considerably", Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said, and his chief spokesman announced it had reached the point where it endangered human health.
© 2011 AFP