German universities fail to make the grade
3 November 2004 , LONDON - Universities in English-speaking countries top a ranking table of the best 200 higher learning institutions compiled by the prestigious British journal the Times Higher Educational Supplement, published Thursday.
3 November 2004
LONDON - Universities in English-speaking countries top a ranking table of the best 200 higher learning institutions compiled by the prestigious British journal the Times Higher Educational Supplement, published Thursday.
Heidelburg University, in 47th place, was Germany's only university in the top 50.
Among the top 10 universities in the world, there are seven from the United States, two from Britain and one from Switzerland.
Australia has six among the top 50 in the world, according to the table, which ranks universities on the basis of a survey 1,300 academics in 88 countries.
Other factors taken into account were the amount of cited research produced, the ratio of faculty to student numbers and an institution's attractiveness to foreign students and internationally renowned academics.
THES editor John O'Leary said: "Leading universities increasingly define themselves in terms of international competition.
"By taking account of the views of academics from across five continents and using the most up-to-date statistics, our ranking gives an informed picture of the world's top universities," he added.
Tokyo University at 12th, was the highest-ranked institution in Asia, followed by Beijing University at 17th.
The Times noted that European universities had performed poorly, with France having just two in the top 50 - the Ecole Polytechnique in 27th place and Ecole Normale Superieure in 30th.
London had four universities in the top 50, with the London School of Economics at 11th, Imperial College at 14th, University College London at 34th, and the School of Oriental and African Studies at 44th.
The full table shows that the top 200 universities are in just 29 countries, with the United States having 62, Britain 30, Germany 17 and Australia 14.
In an editorial the Times said: "Lists are invidious, and academics famously jealous.
"This survey will inevitably be criticised as biased towards the English-speaking world and to institutions that actively recruit students and staff abroad... But the criteria used are relevant," it said.
The top 10 universities in the World University Rankings were listed in order as Harvard, Berkeley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology, Oxford, Cambridge, Stanford, Yale, Princeton and the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
Subject: German news