Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed history

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed history

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There are many notable Germans who, though now deceased, played a major role in shaping our world through their contributions to science, art and history.

Several individuals have, in the past, made notable contributions to German and world culture or played an important role in history. They have helped improve lives across the world, shaped Europe and some have been acclaimed for inventing such things as the car and the computer.

Johannes Gutenberg (1398 1468)Famous Germans: Johannes Gutenberg

Originally a goldsmith and inventor, he is regarded as the father of book printing by inventing movable type printing in Europe (ca.1450). His major work, the Gutenberg Bible, also known as the 42-line bible, has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 1543)

Famous deceased Germans: Nicolaus CopernicusHe is known as the first astronomer to formulate the modern heliocentric theory of the solar system. His epochal book, On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium), is often conceived as the starting point of modern astronomy, as well as a central and defining epiphany in the history of science.

 

Martin Luther (1483 1546)Famous Germans in history: Martin Luther

A monk, priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer, his questioning of the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church inspired the Protestant Reformation. This deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions, as well as the course of Western civilisation.

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 1750)

Famous German composers: Johann Sebastian BachA composer and organist whose works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments brought the Baroque period to its ultimate maturity. Without necessarily giving it new forms, he enriched the prevailing German style and made a deep impact on the development of church music. He is regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749 1832)Famous deceased Germans

A poet and novelist, his most enduring work the two-part dramatic poem Faust is considered to be one of the peaks of world literature. Goethe's other well-known literary works include Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther and the semi-autobiographical novel Elective Affinities.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 1791)

Famous Germans who changed historyAn influential composer of the Classical era, his output of over 600 compositions includes works widely acknowledged as pinnacles of Classical music. Mozart is among the most endearingly popular of European composers and many of his works are part of the standard concert repertoire. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest composers ever.




Otto von Bismarck (1815 1898)
Famous Germans throughout history

A European statesman of the 19th century and as Prime Minister of Prussia from 1862 to 1890, he engineered the Unification of Germany. From 1867, he was Chancellor of the North German Confederation. When the German Empire was declared in 1871, he served as its first Chancellor. Bismarck was subject to personal cult in Germany for a long time after his death. Due to his ruling in the brief period of Imperial German colonialism, the Bismarck Archipelago on Papua New Guinea is named after him.

Karl Friedrich Benz (1844 1929)

Famous Germans throughout historyAn engine designer and automobile engineer generally regarded as the inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile. Other German contemporaries, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach, also worked independently on the same type of invention, but Benz patented his work first and, after that, patented all of the processes that made the internal combustion engine feasible for use in automobiles. In 1886 Benz was also granted a patent for his first engine, which he had designed in 1878. In 1885, Benz created the motorcar (Motorwagen) the first commercial automobile.

Paul Gottlieb Nipkow (1860 1940)

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed historyA technician and television pioneer, he invented the electric telescope for the electric reproduction of illuminating objects, which were the basic apparatuses for television broadcast. He proposed the first practical television principle based on a scanning disc that transmitted live moving images with tone graduation or grey scale in 1884. Nipkow became famous for being the creator of television, even though in the same period, many other technicians from the US, the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union played an important role in the development of modern television. In 1935 the first public television station in the world was named after him.

Albert Schweitzer (1875 1965)

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed historyA theologian, musician, philosopher and physician, he received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 for his philosophy of reverence for life expressed in many ways but most famously in founding and sustaining the Lambaréné Hospital in Gabon, west central Africa.

 

Konrad Adenauer (1876 1967)

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed historyA conservative statesman, his political career spanned 60 years, beginning as early as 1906. He is most noted for his role as the first Chancellor of West Germany from 1949 1963 and as chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1950 to 1966. He was the oldest chancellor ever to serve Germany.

Albert Einstein (1879 1955)

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed historyA theoretical physicist widely considered to have been one of the greatest physicists of all time. He was best known for his theory of relativity and specifically the mass-energy equivalence, E=mc2. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.

 

Konrad Zuse (1910 1995)

Amazing Capitals: Famous Germans who changed historyAn engineer and computer pioneer whose greatest achievement was the completion of the first functional tape-stored-program-controlled computer, the Z3, in 1941. The Z3 is claimed to be the first computer in the world. Zuse also designed the first high-level programming language, the Plankalkül, published in 1948, although his was a theoretical contribution, since the language was never actually implemented within his lifetime and did not directly influence any early-implemented languages. 



Reprinted with permission of Amazing Capitals.

Amazing Capitals: Life in Germany

Amazing Capitals publish city and regional guides to help expats settle into and enjoy their new home town. Focused on individual locations, each comprehensive expat guide presents hundreds of entries designed specifically to support international business professionals and their families. Run by expats from Finland and the UK, the first site was launched in Germany in 2007 by Garry R. Hurskainen-Green, who has been involved in expat communities for decades. Further insights to countries and their folk can be discovered on the Amazing Concepts series. 


Photo credits:
Belem.marvilla, (Einstein thumbnail) Germany_EU (Germany flag map), El Bibliomata (Johannes Gutenberg), Frombork (Nicolaus Copernicus), Carol Gerten-Jackson (Martin Luther), Bach_hausman (Johann Sebastian Bach), Jospef Stieler (Johann Wolfgang Goethe), Barbara Krafft (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart), Tim Ross (Otto von Bismarck), Zenodot (Karl Friedrich Benz), Jack 1956 (Paul Gottlieb Nipkow), Rolf Unterberg (Albert Schweitzer), Das Bundesarchiv (Konrad Adenauer), John D. Schiff (Albert Einstein), Wolfgang Hunscher (Konrad Zuse).

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29 Comments To This Article

  • PIOTR posted:

    on 26th June 2014, 16:28:01 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus was POLISH. but also important is that:

    ADOLF HITLER WAS AUSTRIAN !!
  • DLA posted:

    on 26th June 2014, 09:38:56 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish not german!
  • Remi posted:

    on 26th June 2014, 08:01:13 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus was Polish. Here is an authoritative source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/copernicus.shtml.
  • Myk posted:

    on 26th June 2014, 04:22:18 - Reply

    Until 1806, 15 years after Mozart died, Austria was part of the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" . At that time, Austrians have ALSO been Germans, similar to as Bavarians are also Germans today.
  • wit posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 22:07:03 - Reply

    Hey, did anyone realize? Copernikus is Polish!
  • yarly posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 21:34:56 - Reply

    Conchita Wurst is a German.
  • ewkasaw posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 20:06:40 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus was Polish!!!!!!!!!!!
  • Mateusz posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 19:22:23 - Reply

    Copernicus wasn't German. He was Polish citizen and clergy. He was even defending castle in Olsztyn against Germans in 1520!
  • Kamil Frączkiewicz posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 17:35:22 - Reply

    Where are Goebbels, Himmler, Goering, Marx, Engels? They were Germans and they changed world's history. Copernicus was Pole, Mozart was from Austria. Maybe you should put Hitler on your list, and give Mozart back to Austria - Austrians would be happy.
  • Michał posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 17:26:04 - Reply

    Copernicus (Kopernik) was Pole. Kindly please update the list.
  • true posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:53:51 - Reply

    Is not Hitler most German every German a little bit Hitler?
  • heyl posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:41:37 - Reply

    Einstein war ein Jude!!!
  • brüzl posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:21:14 - Reply

    nobody seemed to realize that kopernikus Was Polish!! How can you . Really.
  • k posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:16:55 - Reply

    I propose HITLER, he is most known German, whohas changed history of the world. And Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 – 1543) - Mikołaj Kopernik to be precize -was POLISH. Please remove your lies
  • katt posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:05:26 - Reply

    Polish ppl, what's the problem? It's a trade! You'll have Hitler instead ;)
  • Ricardo Tamaryszek posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:04:55 - Reply

    Mozart = Austria
    Copernicus = Kingdom of Poland
  • Ciwoko1 posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:02:32 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus is WITHOUT A SINGLE DOUBT FROM POLAND!!!
  • majnejm posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:01:21 - Reply

    Kopernik german? loooooooool
    Einstein who spent most of his life USA because of Germans after 1933?
  • bulo posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 16:00:51 - Reply

    kopernikus was polish, kopernikus was polish, polishpolish
    only bad guys are german
  • fzs posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:59:11 - Reply

    Kopernik (Copernicus) was Poleū
  • maciekk posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:45:09 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus was Polish! Mikołaj Kopernik!
  • helga posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:36:47 - Reply

    Nicolaus Copernicus is from Poland!
  • Paul posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:36:39 - Reply

    COPERNICUS WAS NOT GERMAN, HE WAS POLISH, BORN IN TORUN...
  • pedro posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:33:18 - Reply

    Copernicus was Pole. And where is Hitler, Goering, Goebbels?
  • druss posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 15:09:20 - Reply

    Copernicus was not German! Mozart was not German! It's ridiculous...
  • Gerhart Malunat posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 14:45:43 - Reply

    How about Diesel, Werner Von Braun. Me
  • Daniel posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 12:45:11 - Reply

    Copernicus being German? Only in nazi propaganda. Nothing to do with facts.
  • wojciech posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 12:37:31 - Reply

    Mozart, while undoubtedly German speaking was an Austrian and spent most of his life in Austria.
  • wojciech pisarski posted:

    on 25th June 2014, 12:29:33 - Reply

    Why have you listed Mikolaj Kopernik (Nikolaus Copernicus) as a German ? I(t has never been disputed that he was Polish. Please remove from this list of Germans.