Migrant arrivals to Greece plunge, as EU-Turkey deal sputters
A controversial EU-Turkey deal dramatically cut the number of migrant arrivals in Greece last month, data showed Friday, even as a row between Brussels and Ankara threatened to sink the agreement.
Last month 3,360 migrants and refugees landed on the Greek islands, compared with 26,971 in March -- an 88 percent drop, according to figures from the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
The EU border agency Frontex also reported what it described as a "dramatic" slowdown, saying it had registered 2,700 arrivals in Greece last month.
The figures are the first for a full month-long period since the EU-Turkey deal came into force in March and will be seen as a key measure of its effectiveness.
"The total for all of April is well below the number of people we often saw reaching just the island of Lesbos on a daily basis during last year's peak months," Frontex chief Fabrice Leggeri said in a statement.
Under the March deal, Turkey agreed to take back migrants landing on Greek islands in exchange for incentives, including billions of euros in aid and visa-free European travel for its citizens.
The agreement is the cornerstone of the EU's plan to curb a crisis that has seen 1.25 million Syrian, Iraqi, Afghan and other migrants enter Europe since January 2015.
The new figures underline the powerful deterrent effect of the deal, and the closure of the borders in eastern Europe, which have discouraged many from making the crossing to Greece.
The most controversial provisions, including the mass return of migrants from Greece to Turkey and the exchange of Syrians, have not been implemented on a large-scale.
- 'Not hopeful' -
But the deal was at risk of unravelling after President Recep Tayyip Erdogan defiantly vowed Thursday that Ankara would not amend its counter-terror laws -- a key condition set by Brussels for Turkey to secure visa-free travel.
With Turkey's military battling rebels from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the Kurdish-majority southeast, Ankara has said that it cannot change its anti-terror legislation.
Ankara must also fulfil four other outstanding conditions including anti-corruption and data protection issues. Turkey has so far complied with 67 requirements of the deal.
Turkish EU Affairs Minister Volkan Bozkir voiced pessimism at the prospect of smoothing the rift with Brussels.
"At this stage I would not say we are very hopeful," he told Turkish reporters in televised comments in Brussels following talks with EU Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn.
- 'Historic abdication' -
The agreement had run into widespread criticism from the United Nations, rights groups and several EU member states even before it came into force.
Medical charity MSF on Friday described it as "a historic abdication" of Europe's moral and legal responsibilities.
"This deal is sending a troubling signal to the rest of the world: countries can buy their way out of providing asylum," MSF president Joanne Liu said in an open letter to EU leaders.
More than 850,000 people -- most of them fleeing conflict in war-ravaged Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan -- arrived on the Greek islands last year alone, and so far this year another 155,765 people have landed, UN refugee agency figures show.
Italy however saw nearly 154,000 arrivals last year, and more than 31,000 so far in 2016.
But the balance shifted last month, with Italy recording 9,149 arrivals -- nearly three times more than Greece, according to the IOM.
"For the first time last month there were more arrivals in Italy than in Greece," UNHCR spokesman William Spindler told reporters.
There has been speculation that the virtual closure of the route to Greece would push refugees from Syria to begin travelling through North Africa and onto Italy instead.
On Thursday, the Italian coastguard initially said some 150 Syrians were among hundreds of migrants rescued off Sicily.
But IOM spokesman Joel Millman said Friday that number appeared to have been greatly exaggerated.
When the boat that had sailed from Egypt, thought to be carrying the large group of Syrians, arrived in port "there were only two individuals who claimed to be Syrian," Millman told reporters.
Spindler said people were still being taken from a number of boats that rescued up to 1,000 people who had set off from Egypt and Libya, and that it was unclear how many Syrians were onboard.
"We cannot yet say that there is a shift in the routes from Turkey to Greece, into North Africa to Italy. It's too early to say," he said.
© 2016 AFP