Major budget cuts to slow world's biggest atom smasher: CERN
European demands for budget cuts at the world's biggest atom smasher will slow down its quest to unlock the deepest secrets of the universe, management and staff warned on Wednesday.
The director-general of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Rolf Heuer, presented a proposal for 450 million Swiss francs (433 million dollars, 343 million euros) in savings in 2011-2015 to its 20 European member states at a meeting here, spokesman James Gillies told AFP.
"It will have an impact on the speed to which we get results, but not a dramatic one," said Gillies.
In June, member states rejected CERN's original proposal for a budget of about 5.0 billion francs over the period.
Heuer was asked to make a new proposal at the extraordinary meeting of the organisation's finance committee that took place on Wednesday, Gillies and staff representatives said.
CERN said it was trying to avoid harming the huge Large Hadron Collider experiment, a 27-kilometre (16.8-mile) circular particle accelerator buried under the French-Swiss border, and prevent staff cuts.
"Management felt it could slow things down without compromising the future," Gillies explained.
However, the head of CERN's staff association, Gianni Deroma, raised the spectre of even deeper cuts that might affect reliability and lead to a repeat of the embarrassing and costly 14-month breakdown shortly after the LHC was started up in 2008.
He told a protest rally by several hundred CERN staff and researchers that the additional demands of some European nations could "increase the risk of a breakdown" just as the experiment was entering period of steady high power operation.
The staff association believes some countries want even deeper savings than those tabled, including job cuts.
"Budgetary cuts are going to slow down our accelerators," said Deroma.
"Additional budget restrictions could ruin all the efforts made so far and the marvellous first results given by the LHC," he told the rally, where physicists rubbed shoulders with translators and support staff.
The 3.9-billion-euro (5.2-billion-dollar) machine is attempting to recreate powerful but microscopic bursts of energy that mimic conditions close to the Big Bang that created the universe.
After a shaky start, experiments at the LHC have in a few months replicated discoveries that took decades to complete at the rival Tevatron accelerator in the United States.
Scientists say the LHC is constantly setting new milestones with the amount of data collected from colliding beams of particles fired at close to the speed of light.
Wednesday's meeting can only make recommendations to CERN's 20-nation council on September 16.
The LHC is due to be shut down for several months in 2012-2013, after completing its current series of experiments, for an upgrade to delve deeper into the frontiers of science at full power.
Gillies said management was considering whether to save money by shutting down the whole accelerator complex on the Franco-Swiss border during that period, while another experiment due in 2015 might be put off for a year.
CERN said its permanent staff numbers had already been pared down from about 3,000 when development of the LHC began in the mid-1990s to some 2,200 today.
Deroma told AFP: "With 2,250 permanent staff we have trouble honouring all the missions we are given; we can't go any further, that would be catastrophic for CERN."
Staff representatives from several other European science establishments turned up at the rally.
"We share your concerns and are facing similar, though as yet unquantified, measures on Europe's space budgets," said Bruno Leone, a representative for staff at the European Space Agency (ESA).
Scientists are also annoyed that European research budgets have not a received a promised boost over the past decade during an economic boom.
© 2010 AFP