Flu leads Swiss drug firms to work overtime
Novartis and Roche aim to meet global demand for their swine flu vaccine.Basel -- Swiss pharmaceutical giants are working overtime to develop vaccines and other treatments for the swine flu virus.
Novartis, among the laboratories charged with developing a vaccine against the flu, says governments are queuing up with advance orders, while Roche says growing demand for its anti-viral drug Tamiflu has boosted profits.
Novartis is set to start clinical trials in July and hopes to make the vaccine available to the public in the northern hemisphere's autumn.
A spokesman for the group said it has seen "good progress" in developing a vaccine against the new strain of the A(H1N1) flu virus, but warned that producing it is more difficult than expected.
Novartis has "started the production of this antigen on a big scale in all its sites in Europe" but "the yield has been weaker than expected," meaning it will take longer to produce its target volumes of vaccines, he said.
The target is currently set at 150 million doses of the vaccine a year, but Novartis said the number cannot be confirmed until after clinical trials.
These will monitor how trial patients respond to the vaccine and whether a single injection is sufficient, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Others working on a vaccine include the British company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and the US firm Baxter.
The WHO said vaccine manufacturers are all "continuing to improve yields", which are currently at 25 to 50 percent of the typical yields of seasonal flu vaccines.
"Novartis has received several orders of the H1N1 vaccine during its negotiations with over 35 governments," said the group, adding that the American government has signed two contracts totalling USD 979 million (CHF 1.043 billion).
Other orders have been made by France, the Netherlands and Switzerland, said the spokesman, without revealing the value of the contracts.
Governments are also increasing their anti-viral stocks amid the pandemic.
Another Swiss pharma giant, Roche, has profited from demand for its drug Tamiflu.
Tamiflu is one of two medications recommended by the WHO to treat infections of A(H1N1) flu. The other is Relenza, made by the British drugs firm GlaxoSmithKline.
Sales of Tamiflu rose to CHF 1 billion Swiss francs (EUR 656 million, USD 937 million) in the first half of 2009, with an increase of 1,510 percent in Japan and 869 percent in Europe.
Roche expects to earn the same amount in the second half of the year, bringing total sales of Tamiflu in 2009 to CHF 2 billion, the group's chief executive Severin Schwan forecast.
The group is also increasing production of the drug to reach an annual capacity of 110 million treatment courses by October, a spokeswoman said.
If necessary, the group can increase production across its 19 factories to its maximum capacity of 400 million treatments a year by 2010; a huge increase after producing only 300 million since 2004.
The group, whose net profit rose 11 percent to CHF 5.2 billion in the first half of 2009, has promised not to show favouritism in the distribution of the medication.
"First come, first served," said William Burns, the head of its pharmaceutical division, stressing that powerful nations would not be privileged at the expense of smaller countries.
AFP / Andre Lehmann / Expatica