Gender wage gap starting to decline
26 July 2005, BRUSSELS — Women earned on average 75 percent of the net salary Belgian men took home between 1998 and 2002, but the wage gap is starting to decline.
26 July 2005
BRUSSELS — Women earned on average 75 percent of the net salary Belgian men took home between 1998 and 2002, but the wage gap is starting to decline.
Economist Jozef Konings also wrote in the Leuven Catholic University magazine 'Leuven Economic Viewpoint' more than 50 percent of the gap can be attributed to discrimination.
Konings based his findings on an analysis of the results of a survey of 2,000 people conducted as part of a study into Belgian households, newspaper 'Het Laatste Nieuws' reported on Tuesday.
The economist studied the affects of a range of objective criteria such as the type of job, the level of education, the industry sector and the number of hours worked
While the average gap between the wages of men and women was 31.1 percent, the gap fell to 17.4 percent when taking in the aforementioned factors.
"This remaining part of the wage gap can be put down to discrimination," the economist said.
However, the research also revealed that wage gap between men and women is starting to decline.
In 2002, the average wage women earned was 79 percent of that earned by men, compared with 75 percent for the period 1998-2002.
Konings believes the narrowing of the wage gap can be attributed to the government's equal opportunities policy. A decline has also been detected in other countries.
However, the amount of discrimination is higher among the lower-educated, with almost 70 percent of the wage gap in this group attributed to discrimination.
Just 42 percent of the wage gap can be attributed to discrimination among the higher-educated working population.
In highly competitive sectors, the level of discrimination is lower than in less competitive sectors, with 57 and 70 percent discrimination respectively.
[Copyright Expatica News 2005]
Subject: Belgian news